A bishopric between three kingdoms: Calahorra, 1045-1190 by Carolina Carl

By Carolina Carl

In 1045, the northern Iberian Bishopric of Calahorra was once introduced again into being via Garc?­a III of Navarre at the frontline of his increasing frontiers with Castile. at the loss of life of its 8th post-restoration bishop in 1190, all or a part of the territory of this, through then unmistakably Castilian, see had replaced palms at least seven occasions among Navarre, Aragon, and Leon-Castile/Castile, as those emergent Christian kingdoms competed furiously over the Riojan frontier sector that it occupied. This booklet, the 1st to supply a close exploration of 11th and 12th century Calahorra, examines the connection among the extraordinary volatility of Calahorras political scenario and the peculiarities of the sees political and institutional improvement in the course of its first one hundred forty five years as a restored Iberian bishopric.

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Additional resources for A bishopric between three kingdoms: Calahorra, 1045-1190 (Medieval and Early Modern Iberian World)

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Especially during the first five years after his appointment as bishop of Calahorra, San Millán de la Cogolla continued to provide Gómez with his principal residence, as well as the most useful instrument with which to extend his collaboration with the Crown of Navarre in the socio-economic consolidation of its frontiers with Castile. Between 1045 and 1049, Gómez received no less than ten donations of land, rural churches, and economic and jurisdictional privileges from García III on behalf of the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla.

226. 104. 27 ╇ Ubieto Arteta, San Millán, 288. 78–9; vol II, note to 18. 29 ╇ Ibid, 11. II, 13. , 13. 33 It has already been noted that the riojan foundation was promoted over and above the pamplonan monasteries of Leire and Irache by García III. , 19. II, 18. Cantera Montenegro dates this document to 1066, and Rodríguez de Lama to 1060. However, neither of these dates fits the list of bishops who confirm it. A date of 1054 would fit with the listed bishops of Alava and Pamplona, and also with the charter’s content: the queen’s active government of Navarre in the context of the minority of her son, Sancho IV, and her grief at the recent passing of her husband, García III are recorded in this charter, which would therefore seem to have been issued shortly after the Battle of Atapuerca in 1054.

243. Beyond the identification between the Bishops of Pamplona and Aragon with the monasteries of San Salvador de Leire and San Juan de la Peña respectively, and the complex path trodden by the proto-Bishops of Burgos before their definitive association with the city of Burgos in the late 1060’s, there is no evidence for any such multiplicity of possible diocesan centres in Christian Iberia in the second half of the eleventh century. 263–4. calahorra and the kings of navarre 41 and south-eastern frontiers.

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