A Companion to Relativism by Steven D. Hales

By Steven D. Hales

A better half to Relativism offers unique contributions from major students that deal with the most recent considering at the function of relativism within the philosophy of language, epistemology, ethics, philosophy of technological know-how, common sense, and metaphysics.

  • Features unique contributions from a number of the top figures engaged on numerous features of relativism
  • Presents a considerable, large diversity of present brooding about relativism
  • Addresses relativism from some of the significant subfields of philosophy, together with philosophy of language, epistemology, ethics, philosophy of technology, good judgment, and metaphysics

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Is relativism really self-refuting? Philosophical Studies 94, 211–236. Boghossian, P. (2006). Fear of Knowledge: Against Relativism and Constructivism. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Burnyeat, M. (1976a). Protagoras and self-refutation in later Greek philosophy. The Philosophical Review 85, 44–69. Burnyeat, M. (1976b). Protagoras and self-refutation in Plato’s Theaetetus. The Philosophical Review 85, 172–195. Evans, G. (1985). Does tense logic rest upon a mistake? In Collected Papers, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 343–363.

Another response is to allow perspectives that are contradictory. We shall soon consider the coherence of such a position. These considerations leave us with various global forms of relativism worth considering: (GR1) and (GR) with and without restriction on membership in F, and (GRP) with and without restriction on the membership in P. 5. Difficulties with Unrestricted Global Relativism I have already pointed out that global relativism concerning all features (GR1) and global relativism concerning propositional truth (GRP) face special problems if the generalization is unrestrictedly over all features or all propositions.

It is a consequence of this view that we cannot identify a proposition that is the content of the utterance, for any proposal will trigger another round of 24 global relativism and self-refutation application of (GR). Another way of putting the point is this: according to any indexical relativist about some feature F, the predicate expressing F has an implicit additional argument place which is contextually bound. But whenever we propose a number n of hidden argument places, (GR) will force us to say that the predicate expressing F actually had n + 1 argument places.

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