By J. Freely
A heritage of Ottoman Architecture'''' offers a transparent and concise description of the historical past of the structure produced below the Ottoman Empire, concentrating on the extant structures within the Republic of Turkey, really these in Istanbul and the empire's previous capitals in Bursa and Edirne. The monuments in every one bankruptcy are defined in chronological order, with images of every of them (sometimes in previous prints exhibiting them as they have been in occasions past), in addition to pictures displaying their plan and elevation. No different ebook at the historical past of Ottoman structure is so richly illustrated, permitting the reader to work out at a look how Ottoman structure advanced through the pre- classical, classical, baroque, and early smooth classes. The publication starts off with a short background of the Ottoman Empire, by means of an overview of the most positive factors of Ottoman structure and its ornament, then a quick biography of the good Ottoman architect Sinan. Successive chapters stick with the advance of Ottoman structure from 1453 until eventually 1923
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Extra info for A History of Ottoman Architecture, 1st Edition
Figure 2: View of Ottoman Bursa, with Mount Olympus of Bithynia (Ulu Dağ) in the background (Print by Allom. indd 36 23/10/10 5:48 AM A History of Ottoman Architecture Bursa remained the capital until around 1369, when Murat I captured Adrianople, Turkish Edirne, and moved his capital there. Nevertheless Murat continued to spend some of his time in Bursa, and in the year 1385 he completed the city’s second imperial mosque, Â�Hüdavendigâr Camii, in whose türbe he was buried after he was killed in 1389 following his victory at the first battle of Kosovo.
The mosque was badly damaged in the 1855 earthquake, when the original upper structure collapsed. Subsequent restorations have altered the appearance of the interior, and there is some disagreement about the original plan of the upper structure. The exterior walls are constructed of stone and brick, with a Â�cornice of small blind arches rather than the usual saw-toothed Â�design. A number of Byzantine architectural pieces were incorporated into the building, including all of the columns and capitals as well as the marble door jambs or heads decorated with acanthus leaves.
The main eyvan to the north, which serves as the prayer hall, is raised by three steps from the central chamber; it is rectangular in plan at both the lower and upper levels, so that its dome its ellipsoidal rather than spherical; a niche in the kıble wall contains the mihrab. Two more eyvans flank the central hall, both of them with deep arches to north and south to provide a square at the upper level for the hemispherical dome. Here as elsewhere these side eyvans were used as hospices for mendicant dervishes.