By Marc Van de Mieroop
If the heritage of the close to East has consistently appeared a bit daunting and complicated, this booklet through the most effective identified writers at the topic should still exhibit you the sunshine on the finish of the tunnel. starting c.3000 BC with the appearance of the 1st writing approach, Van De Mieroop strains the emergence and improvement of a few of the best states and powers, attractive towns and significant empires, together with the Babylonian and Hittite kingdoms, the Assyrian and Persian Empires and the conquests of Alexander the nice. Van De Mieroop's revisions for the second variation target to make the textual content much more obtainable, and comprise the very most up-to-date examine. "This textual content merits a spot at the cabinets of historic historians and archaeologists, and it'll definitely have satisfaction of position in studying lists for classes in Mesopotamian historical past" - Norman Yoffee.
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Extra info for A History of the Ancient Near East ca. 3000 - 323 BC, 2nd Edition
In the late Early Dynastic period, individual members of the elites also had their own households. In Lagash, for instance, the queen had one, called the women's household, Sumerian e-mi, which she ran independently. Her property was smaller than that of the king, but it was self-sufficient and it seems that women administered the queen's household. We cannot document this for the Early Dynastic period, but in the later Ur I11 period its officials were mostly women. Internally, the personnel of each household was hierarchically organized.
2450-2350), but these are archaeological distinctions based on stylistic changes in the material remains that have little historical value. The period should be regarded as a unit in political terms, displaying the same basic characteristics for its entire duration. Later Mesopotamian literature from the late third and early second millennia contains a number of compositions that relate to kings from the Early Dynastic period. They are often quite detailed and thus feature prominently in many modem historical reconstructions.
The temple's function as collector and distributor of agricultural resources was founded in the ideology that the god received them as gifts and redistributed them to the people. 1 The city-states of Babylonia in the Early Dynastic period (after Joan Oates, Babylon [London: Thames and Hudson, 19861, p. 13) the temple administration served as leader in the city, and from the Uruk period on the primary ideological support for the city-ruler was his function in the temple household. The temple was, in fact, the dominant institution in the early city and the largest structure within its walls, sometimes built on an earthen platform towering over the other buildings.