Advances in Psychological Assessment: Volume 7 by Paul McReynolds, James C. Rosen, Gordon J. Chelune

By Paul McReynolds, James C. Rosen, Gordon J. Chelune

This quantity is the 7th in an ongoing sequence addressed to the in mental review. the general target of the constructing frontiers sequence is to carry severe examinations of contemporary advances in review to clinicians, researchers, college lecturers, and graduate scholars, and therefore to aid them to maintain abreast of an incredible and quickly increasing box of psychology. This objective in fact can't be fulfilled in one quantity, however it will be met, at the least to a wide measure, in a continual sequence. during this context we motivate these readers who're proud of the choices during this quantity to refer to applicable chapters in prior volumes of the sequence. The time period mental overview, as utilized in this sequence, encom­ passes the entire a number of thoughts - assessments, ranking scales, interview schedules, surveys, direct observational equipment, and psychophysiol­ ogical tactics - which are hired in scientifically dependent perform and study to supply a stronger knowing of person consistent with­ sons, teams, or environmental settings. therefore, the full box of verify­ ment is taken because the right sector of shock for the sequence. This contains either what are often known as conventional review and behavioral evaluate, in addition to ways no longer mostly classed in both of those different types.

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LEVElS OF ABSTRACfION AND THE HIERARCHICAL MODEL Another objection to the Big Five is that five dimensions cannot possibly capture all of the variance in human personality (Mershon & Gorsuch, 1988). However, the objection that five dimensions is too few overlooks the fact that personality can be conceptualized at different levels of abstraction or breadth. Indeed, the trait domain tends to be hierarchically structured (Hampson, John, &Goldberg, 1986). The advantage of categories as broad as the Big Five is their enormous bandwidth.

A comparison of their selection with that of Cattell showed that Cattell's 35 variables included markers for all the domains included by Peabody and Goldberg but did so in an unrepresentative manner. Compared to their selection, Cattell's variables seem to drastically under-represent traits related to Conscientiousness and Impulse control (Factor III) as well as Intellect (a facet of Factor V), and over-represent traits related to Neuroticism (Factor IV) and Culture (apparently only a minor facet of either Factor V or III).

However, the objection that five dimensions is too few overlooks the fact that personality can be conceptualized at different levels of abstraction or breadth. Indeed, the trait domain tends to be hierarchically structured (Hampson, John, &Goldberg, 1986). The advantage of categories as broad as the Big Five is their enormous bandwidth. Their disadvantage, of course, is their low fidelity. In any hierarchical representation, one always loses information as one moves up the hierarchical levels. " Or, in psychometric terms, one necessarily loses item information as one aggregates items into scales, and one loses scale information as one aggregates scales into factors (John, Hampson, & Goldberg, 1989).

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