By J. Bruce Amstutz
Whilst Soviet army forces invaded Afghanistan in past due 1979, the invasion used to be, right now, an try to store a tottering Marxist govt and a caution to either East and West that the Brezhnev Doctrine of "necessary intervention" will be enforced.
Dr. J. Bruce Amstutz, U. S. cost d’affaires in Kabul from 1977 to 1980, starts off his remedy of the 1st 5 years of Soviet career with an old assessment of years of Russian meddling in Afghan affairs. He follows this account with a first-hand document of the 1979 invasion, then analyzes that intervention from political, army, and fiscal views. one of the very important concerns Dr. Amstutz discusses are the various Afghan political factions - pro-Soviet and resistance - their leaders, the human rights and refugee difficulties, diplomatic efforts to settle the clash, and Soviet measures to repress and indoctrinate the Afghans.
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Additional info for Afghanistan: The First Five Years of Soviet Occupation
This body subsequently awarded the island lo Afghanistan. 34 In June 1930 the Soviets intervened a third time. " By then, the initial Afghan enthusiasm that had greeted the Bolshevik revolution long since had evaporated. In the 1930s two successive Afghan kings viewed the atheistic and oppressive Soviet regime with aversion and distrust. By the mid-1930s all Soviet civilians and military technicians brought in by Amanullah had returned to the USSR, and were not replaced; the Afghan air force now was manned solely by Afghans.
Not only was Afghanistan the first non-communist country anywhere to receive Soviet economic aid i • -. 24 Afghanistan before and after World War II, but by 1979 it ranked first among all non-communist countries in the total value of Soviet aid offered. 5 million concessionary (3 percent) loan for the construction of grain elevators, a flour mill, and a bakery. This aid was followed in that same year by three other Soviet aid agreements worth $8,2 million for two cement plants, a fruit cannery, and other items.
In September 1978 the five exiled Parcham leaders were accused of plotting to overthrow the Khalqidominated government and ordered home. Instead, after stripping their embassies of funds, they all absconded to Eastern Europe. There they enjoyed protection and material support from their ho::t governments until the Soviets brought them back to Afghanistan 15 months later to rule the country. According to Soviet sources 2,()0() Parcham faction members were imprisoned and close to 500 were executed by the Khalqis before the Soviet intervention.