América Latina. La construcción del orden, Tomo I by Waldo Ansaldi

By Waldo Ansaldi

A partir de los angeles notion rectora de que América Latina es una construcción histórica que se constituye desde su origen como unidad estructuralmente desigual y diversa, Waldo Ansaldi y Verónica Giordano despliegan en este libro un análisis de los angeles realidad histórica, social y política de los angeles región, que puede leerse de dos maneras complementarias: como una historia social de lo político y, también, como una historia política de lo social. A diferencia de los angeles perspectiva que adopta en pensamiento conservador, el pensamiento crítico puesto en acto en este volumen propone que el orden es una construcción histórica, colectiva, política y conflictiva. los angeles formación del Estado, l. a. creación de los angeles nación y l. a. constitución de las condiciones que posibilitaron l. a. inserción internacional de nuestra economía son los procesos sobre los que se enfoca y desarrolla el riguroso análisis de los autores. América Latina, l. a. construcción del orden no pretende reconstruir paso a paso los angeles historia de l. a. región, sino advertir sobre l. a. compleja trama de procesos en l. a. construcción del orden, en el que las cuestiones del poder, l. a. explotación y l. a. dominación se encuentran en un primer plano. En palabras del destacado investigador Norbert Lechner, si el orden no es concebido como acción colectiva, “la diversidad no logra ser asumida como pluralidad, sino que es vivida como una desintegración cada vez más insoportable”. Pensada en dos volúmenes, esta primer entrega de América Latina. los angeles construcción del orden se convertirá sin duda en un clásico de obligada referencia para los estudios acerca de l. a. región.

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The involvement of the clandestine Salvadoran Communist Party in the revolt also provided fertile ground for anticommunist ideology. An excep- pg 31 # 5 31 Name /T5610/T5610_CH02 32 10/02/01 06:13AM Plate # 0-Composite E L S A L VA D O R tion was the anti-fascist movement during World War II that succeeded in ousting Herna´ndez Martı´nez in 1944 (Ready 1994), but the military regained control of the Salvadoran government within a year and continued to serve the interests of the country’s elite.

The Sixth Feminist Encuentro achieved an even higher level of racial, ethnic, and class diversity than previous ones, enjoying first-time participation by black women from the Caribbean, indigenous women from Andean countries and Guatemala, and many poor women from the cities and rural areas of Central America. Workshops held by participants covered a wide range of topics—‘‘Violation of Women’s Human Rights,’’ ‘‘What the Catholic Hierarchy Never Says,’’ ‘‘Feminists in Political Parties,’’ ‘‘Maternal Health,’’ ‘‘Feminisms in Central America,’’ ‘‘Heterosexual Women Wanting to Stop Homophobia,’’ ‘‘Feminist Power in Municipios,’’ ‘‘Lesbian Visibility,’’ ‘‘Women and the Foreign Debt,’’ ‘‘Health 19 Name /T5610/T5610_CH01 20 10/01/01 08:04AM Plate # 0-Composite WO M E N A N D S O C I A L M OV E M E N T S I N L AT I N A M E R I C A and Refugee Women,’’ and more.

I outline women’s grassroots responses to poverty, joblessness, and increased workloads. In addition, I explore the ways in which class and gender issues are integrated in the organization as well as the different relationships, ranging from antagonism to adamant support, that women in the organization have with feminism. Chapter 4 details how poor urban women have met the ongoing Mexican economic crisis with a strategy of collective action—how they have learned that they do not need to adopt the same identity or share identical interpretations of their experience in order to act together.

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