An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation, Volume 84, Second by K. N. Liou

By K. N. Liou

This moment variation of An advent to Atmospheric Radiation has been commonly revised to handle the basic learn and quantitative dimension of the interactions of sunlight and terrestrial radiation with molecules, aerosols, and cloud debris in planetary atmospheres. It includes 70% new fabric, a lot of it stemming from the research of the atmospheric greenhouse results of exterior radiative perturbations in weather structures, and the improvement of methodologies for inferring atmospheric and floor parameters through distant sensing. Liou's entire therapy of the basics of atmospheric radiation used to be constructed for college kids, teachers, and researchers in atmospheric sciences, distant sensing, and weather modeling.

  • Balanced remedy of basics and applications
  • Includes over a hundred and seventy illustrations to counterpoint the concise description of every subject
  • Numerous examples and hands-on workouts on the finish of every chapter

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Additional info for An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation, Volume 84, Second Edition (International Geophysics)

Sample text

The bright granules are fairly uniformly distributed over the solar disk and are believed to be associated with ascending hot gases in the uppermost layer of the zone of convection discussed previously. The photosphere is a comparatively thin layer about 500 km thick that constitutes the source of the sun’s visible radiation, as illustrated in Fig. 1. The temperature in this layer varies from 8000 K in the lower layer to 4000 K in the upper layer. Matching the theoretical Planck curve versus wavelength (see Fig.

For the vibrational mode k = 2(υ2 ) of linear triatomic and the three modes of bent triatomic molecules (see Fig. 3), the change of dipole moment has a component perpendicular to an internuclear axis. The rotational selection rule is now J = 0, ±1, which produces a Q-branch that corresponds to J = 0, known as the perpendicular branch. This branch occurs at the vibrational frequency itself. In simple cases, it appears as a broad unresolved line. 3 Absorption Line Formation and Line Shape 21 in the υ and υ levels, the Q-branch may be seen as a group of very closely spaced lines.

16 Upward (μ) and downward (−μ) intensities at a given level τ and at top (τ = 0) and bottom (τ = τ∗ ) levels in a finite, plane-parallel atmosphere. 3, Eq. 22) can be solved to give the upward and downward intensities for a finite atmosphere that is bounded on two sides at τ = 0 and τ = τ∗ as illustrated in Fig. 16. To obtain the upward intensity (μ > 0) at level τ , we multiply Eq. 22) by a factor e−τ/μ and perform integration from τ to τ = τ∗ . This leads to τ∗ I (τ ; μ, φ) = I (τ∗ ; μ, φ)e−(τ∗ −τ )/μ + τ J (τ ; μ, φ)e−(τ −τ )/μ dτ (1 ≥ μ > 0).

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