By Gershon Galil
The heritage of the traditional close to East within the 12th-10th centuries BCE remains to be an unsolved riddle. every now and then the veil is lifted and tiny elements of this problematic puzzle glow in a brand new gentle. yet many questions are as but unanswered, and such a lot info are nonetheless imprecise. however, the large outlines of this age are rather good agreed by means of such a lot students: the 3 superpowers Egypt, Hatti and Assyria progressively misplaced their carry and their impression within the zone: first the Hittites, simply after 1200 BCE, and some dozens of years later, Egypt and Assyria. Historians mostly concur that when the reign of Tukulti-Ninurta I (1243-1208 BCE), Assyria plunged right into a lengthy decline, steadily wasting its western territories to the Aramaean invaders. (...) The experiences awarded during this ebook contact on varied features of human actions (political, social, monetary, and cultural), and confer with varied elements of the traditional close to East: from Melid and Hanigalbat within the north to Egypt and Kush within the south and from Assyria and Babylonia within the East to the dominion of Taita and (southern) Philistia within the west. They do notwithstanding heart generally at the Bible and the heritage of historic Israel and its western and japanese buddies, compared with different old close to jap cultures. The papers current an in depth vista of views-from biblical and archaeological views and certainly such a lot of them have been written from an inter disciplinary viewpoint.
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Extra info for Ancient Near East 12th-10th .. AOAT 392 Proceedings of the International Conference held at the University of Haifa, 2-5 May, 2010
1: Willkür und Gewalt (Neukirchen-Vluyn, 2002), pp. 195–201; N. Lohfink, “”חרם, ThWAT, III (Stuttgart, 1982), pp. ), Gewalt und Gewaltlosigkeit im Alten Testament (QD 96; Freiburg – Basel – Wien, 1983), pp. 51–110; C. Schäfer-Lichtenberger, “Bedeutung und Funktion von Herem in biblisch-hebräischen Texten”, BZ 38 (1994), pp. 270–275. DIVINE WARFARE AND YHWH’S WARS 19 mistic paradigm, the only case in which the ban could be applied was apostasy by an Israelite township: Deut 13:13–19. 44 The apostasy case however is hypothetical, because no city that completely abandoned the Yahwistic religion ever existed in reality.
Gen 14:10–11; Jud 7:22–24; 8:12, 21, 24–25; 1 Sam 30:17–31). The motif of the cruelty of the blood-shedding (see above, II 17–21: “I caused their blood to flow like waters of a river. ”) finds an echo in Ps 79, when Israel describes the destruction of Jerusalem by the Neo-Babylonians (Ps 79:2–3): “The dead bodies of thy servants have they given to be meat unto the fowl of heaven, ... 31 31 This motif can be followed up until the description of the conquest of Jerusalem by William of Tyre, cf. Willemi Tyrensis Archiepiscopi Chronicon, VIII,20 (ed.
Note 1), pp. 171–208. CONTINUATION AND CHANGE IN THE 13th–10th CENTURIES BCE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN BRONZE-WORKING KOINÉ? MICHAL ARTZY University of Haifa I. Introduction In this study, it is proposed that metalwork and alongside it other material goods of the 13th–11th centuries BCE, which are often lumped together, can be divided into two chronological stages. The earlier stage consists of the late-14th and mainly the 13th centuries BCE (Late Bronze Age [LB] IIB), and of a transitional period, which we name LB III—from the last quarter of the 13th to the early-12th century BCE.