Aristotle on Metaphysics, 1st Edition by Vasilis Politis

By Vasilis Politis

Aristotle may be crucial determine in philosophy. each critical reader of philosophy will encounter the Metaphysics, but before there has now not been an introductory booklet to assist clarify the customarily tricky principles that come up within the text.This GuideBook seems to be on the Metaphysics thematically and takes the reader throughout the major arguments present in the booklet. The ebook introduces and assesses Aristotle's existence and the heritage to the Metaphysics, the guidelines and textual content of the Metaphysics and Aristotle's philosophical legacy.

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Extra resources for Aristotle on Metaphysics, 1st Edition

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G. the knowledge that this fire is hot), and particular knowledge is acquired 34 THE ULTIMATE EXPLANATIONS OF ALL THINGS directly from sense perception. But the induction also goes beyond sense perception; for it generates general knowledge on the basis of many pieces of particular knowledge, each of which is acquired through sense perception. We should note, however, that the term in Aristotle, epagōgē, which is commonly translated as ‘induction’, is crucially broader than induction by enumeration; for although apparently it includes induction by enumeration, it includes also the putting forward of explanatory hypotheses.

However, it is worth emphasizing (as Aristotle does in lines 981a7–12) that when the scientific physicians put forward a universal hypothesis to explain why these things are related in these ways, they may need to revise the initial, non-scientific conception of the things involved. We may, incidentally, note that in general Aristotle speaks of the phainomena (ta phainomena) to refer to things as we initially and pre-scientifically perceive them and think of them. g. g. g. reduction of the fever), the scientific physician will want to identify what the illness is and what it is about it and the drug that explains why they interact in a certain way, a way whose visible manifestation is the patient’s recovery.

When Aristotle asserts that metaphysics is the search for the first explanations of all things, he does not mean that such explanations will explain everything about all things; he means that they will explain something about all things. In fact it will emerge that he thinks that the first explanations of all things explain something very definite about all things: why each and every thing is a being, something that is, in the first place. So metaphysics is ‘the universal science’ (hē katholou epistēmē, 982a22), the science of all things; but it is the universal science because, above all, it investigates something very definite about all things: why each and every thing is a being—something that is.

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