Aspect and Reference Time by Olga Borik

By Olga Borik

Element and Reference Time investigates the temporal constitution of language. It offers with valuable concerns within the realizing of annoying and element, proposes a brand new method of the most difficulties within the zone, and seeks to set up the common semantic houses of 2 very important and contentious aspectual different types, perfectivity and imperfectivity. Dr Borik develops an unique concept of element. She exhibits how this money owed for aspectual different types in Russian, and that it might used to check Russian to different languages the place comparable aspectual concerns come up. She devotes specific realization to English, a language which seems to be to haven't any grammatical different types of perfectivity and imperfectivity. She argues that the semantic homes proven for the Russian tense-aspect method are mirrored in English, and divulges parallels within the expression of temporal and aspectual details within the languages. element and Reference Time will curiosity all students of the syntax, semantics, and pragmatics of point and stressful. The author's transparent exposition and cross-linguistic procedure make it an invaluable foundation for classes at graduate point.

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Thus, the test result is not inXuenced by the choice of temporal expressions. This test brings out the interpretational diVerences between sentences with telic and atelic predicates. There are two conditions concerning temporal modiWcation here that have to be fulWlled. e. the second ‘on’ cannot be omitted) and, secondly, the temporal units denoted by these PPs should be subsequent. For instance, the expression ‘on Monday and on Tuesday’ provides good grounds for testing, while ‘on Monday and on Wednesday’ does not.

7 Verbs like start, Wnish, stop, etc. are often referred to as ‘aspectual’ or ‘phase’ in the sense that they single out some particular temporal subpart of an eventuality, namely, its beginning, middle part, completion, or end. 9) a. b. c. d. 9a), the sentence with an atelic predicate, must be interpreted as ‘Mary started driving a car in an hour’, where in an hour speciWes a duration of a ‘gap’ between Mary’s driving and some other relevant (previous) activity. 9b)), but it is a ‘secondary’ reading, not the default one.

For details, see Krifka (1998). The telicity approach 35 some y is also gold, then the sum of x and y is gold as well. 14 The constituents of a complex predicate like eat apples can be regarded as elements of part structures. In this case certain mereological relations are established between parts of the complex predicate, in particular, between the verb and its internal argument. These relations are captured by a lexically speciWed theta-relation u, which determines the properties of the mapping of an object into the event.

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