Autonomy, Authority and Moral Responsibility, 1st Edition by Thomas May (auth.)

By Thomas May (auth.)

Questions in regards to the dating among autonomy and authority are raised in approximately each sector of ethical philosophy. even supposing the main ob­ vious of those is political philosophy (especially the philosophy of law), the problems surrounding this dating are in no way restrained to this zone. certainly, as we will see as this paintings progresses, the problems raised are primary to ethical psychology, faith, specialist ethics, scientific ethics, and the character of ethical structures in most cases. even supposing the identify of this paintings is Autonomy. Authority and ethical accountability. we will be anxious with the extra basic query concerning the courting among autonomy (or self-direction) and exter­ nal affects, which I take to be any advisor to behaviour whose presence, content material or substance will depend on anything past the keep an eye on of the agent. whatever is past the regulate of the agent if the agent can't be certain even if it's current, what its content material includes, or even if (or in what manner) it impacts her. those "external" impacts may perhaps contain (but aren't unavoidably constrained to) non secular con­ victions (which advisor habit in accordance with a doctrine whose content material is tested independently of the agent); ethical tasks (which re­ quire motion according to a few ethical theory); and wishes for ob­ jects or states of affairs whose presence (or absence) is past the con­ trol of the agent. in fact, exterior impacts can also comprise the necessities of authority or law.

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514. 515. 223-251), there remains a question concerning whether such a retreat is possible given his desert-based argument that the natural lottery undermines a view that justice can be based upon those characteristics which are acquired by "luck". 510-515) seems incontestably tied to metaphysical conceptions of self, and at least has been taken as such in recent discussions on moral luck and moral responsibility. I therefore examine Rawls' views in the context of their impact upon metaphysical discussions of the self and moral responsi- THE CONCEPT OF AUTONOMY 53 bility, ignoring Rawls' retreat from metaphysical conclusions.

156-157. 122. 372. 373-374. 9Beriin, Four Essays on Liberty. 131. lOBerlin, Four Essays on Liberty. p. 13 1. 52 CHAPTER TWO IIFor References to the EE, I use The Complete Works of Aristotle, ed. by Jonathan Barnes, (Princeton: Bollingen, 1984). , I use The Basic Works of Aristotle, ed. by Richard McKeon (NY: Random House, 1941). , "'Autarkeia' in Aristotle", University of Dayton Review, Vol. 35-42. 36. 38. 16Kant, Immanuel Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, trans. by James W. , 1981}. I7Feinberg, Joel, Harm to Self (New York: Oxford University Press, 1986).

It is this perspective on external influences which the concept of autonomy must take if it is to serve a useful role in our understanding of the world. What makes autonomy the value that it is tied to its role in organizing society. To serve in this role, the concept of autonomy must be compatible with the variety of external influences which THE IMPORTANCE OF AUTONOMY 29 are a part of our everyday lives, and affect nearly every decision we take. It must help us distinguish influences which threaten autonomy from influences which do not.

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