Boats of the World: From the Stone Age to Medieval Times by Seán McGrail

By Seán McGrail

This is often the 1st e-book to deal comprehensively with the archaeology of rafts, boats, and ships from the Stone Age to Medieval occasions. the entire areas of the area are lined, from Atlantic Europe and the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean, the China Sea, and the Pacific.

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Boats of the World: From the Stone Age to Medieval Times

This is often the 1st booklet to deal comprehensively with the archaeology of rafts, boats, and ships from the Stone Age to Medieval instances. all of the areas of the area are coated, from Atlantic Europe and the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean, the China Sea, and the Pacific.

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Jones (1995: fig. 5 x i m, that one end was higher than the other, and that there was some superstructure towards that higher end. In 1991 further planked boats were discovered near the north corner of Khasekhemmy's second-dynasty funerary enclosure at Abydos (Wachsmann, 1998: 218; Jones, 1995: 35). These twelve boats, 15-18 m in length, had been buried within brick 'coffins'. They are of 24 EGYPT Fig. 9. 2600 EC on display in Giza (photo: Pauljohnstone). enormous potential, but excavation has been postponed until appropriate resources are available for research and conservation.

7) Hornell (1946^1: fig. 6), 20 EGYPT Landstrom (1970: figs. 30 and 45) and by Mark (1997: figs. 44-8). The high vertically ended vessels have some similarities with the shape of boats depicted on Mesopotamian cylinder seals of the Jamdat Nasr or Uruk periods (Bass, 1972: plate 8; Barnett, 1958: plate 2ia; Arkell, 1959: fig. 3; Mark, 1997: fig. 35), contemporary with the Egyptian Naqada 2 and 3 phases. This has led some authors to suggest that the representations found in Egypt depict a Mesopotamian type of vessel, and that, taken together with other evidence of Mesopotamian/Egyptian contact—certain pottery types, a few cylinder seals, some artistic motifs, to quote O'Connor (19804: 129)—this may indicate that the origin of the Egyptian state was due to intrusions by Mesopotamians.

7, 89). Bundle rafts can readily be given a hollowed boatlike form by positioning the smaller side bundles higher than the large bottom bundle—see, for example, the twentieth-century rafts of Lake Titicaca, Peru (Hornell, 1946*1: plate 5). Although flat-top bundle rafts predominate in the Egyptian material, there are examples of hollow forms (Casson, 1971: fig. 7). In some of the scenes showing distinguished men hunting or fowling (Landstrom, 1970: figs. 294, 295, 299,302; Casson, 1971: fig. 9; James, 1983: plate 4) the hunter is shown standing on what appears to be a decking or a wooden platform laid on top of the bundles.

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